Evaluation of the Golden Ratio in Nasal Conchae for Surgical Anatomy


Purpose: The golden ratio is reached by the fractal model of the number sequence which is known as the ‘‘Fibonacci series’’ and has a convergent ratio of approximately 1.618 between 2 consecutive Fibonacci numbers. Golden ratio relationships have been shown in several plants in the nature and several organs and structures in the human body. The conchae, which form an important part of the nasal valve, have a special geometric significant in terms of providing turbulence to the laminar airflow that passes to the nasal cavity. Methods: This study made golden ratio calculations on 34 adults aged 20 to 45 years over computed tomography (CT) images. Totally, 34 volunteers (male, n ¼ 18 and female, n ¼ 16) with no nasal pathologies participated in the study. Using Adobe Photoshop, golden ratio calculations were made by applying the Fibonacci spiral on the images that best showed the conchae and meatuses on the CT images. Results: The intersection points of the spiral that was projected on the inferior and middle nasal concha were determined as S0, S1, S2, S3, and S4. The distances of S0-S1, S1-S2, S2-S3, and S3-S4 were measured. The concha measurements of the women showed significantly similar values to the golden ratio constant of *1.618 in the RS3/S4 and LS3/S4 measurements. Conclusion: We found that the S3/S4 region that captured the golden ratio in our study corresponds to the base part of the inferior nasal concha, and its place of spiraling in the nasal cavity is observed to have an important role in creating vortices


Anahtar Kelimeler

Inferior nasal concha, Fibonacci spiral, Measurements, Golden ratio, Surgical anatomy


WoS Q Değeri


Scopus Q Değeri





Ear, Nose & Throat Journal 2021, Vol. 100(1) NP57–NP61