Cytogenetic Analysis Of Early Pregnancy Loss After Assisted Reproduction Treatment Using İntracytoplasmic Sperm İnjection


Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of numerical chromosomal abnormalities in the patients with early pregnancy loss (EPL) following in vitro fertilization, and evaluate the role of different confounders of the risk of chromosomal abnormality- related pregnancy loss. Material and methods: A retrospective chart review of all patients from our in vitro fertilization (IVF) center who conceived using assisted reproduction techniques between April 2017 and 2019, who experienced a subsequent early pregnancy loss, and whose abortus materials were successfully karyotyped were included. Results: Of the 243 patients experienced an early loss, the overall rate of chromosomal abnormality was 46.75%. The overall rate of aneuploidy in our patient group was 88.8% (64/72), whereas 6.94% (5/72) of the abnormal karyotypes were polyploid. The most common type of trisomy was Trisomy 16 (20.0%; 11/55) followed by Trisomy 15 (14.5%; 8/55). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that maternal age (< 35 years) and the total number of retrieved oocytes per cycle (? 5) were risk factors for a chromosomal abnormality (< 0.001; < 0.05, respectively). The adjusted OR of karyotypic abnormalities was 0.45 for the antagonist cycle type (p < 0.05), and 0.58 for frozen embryo transfer (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Karyotypic abnormality is one of the main reasons for pregnancy loss following an IVF procedure. Although the pregnancy rates increased as a result of novel technologies, the ratio of EPL is still high. The implementation of preimplantation genetic screening techniques might lower the incidence of EPL due to chromosomal abnormalities, thus decreasing the burden on the physicians and the patients.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Abortus, Early pregnancy loss, Assisted reproduction, ICSI, Cytogenetic analysis


WoS Q Değeri


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Ginekologia Polska 2021, vol. 92