Epilepsy Frequency and Risk Factors Three Years After Neonatal Seizures

Küçük Resim Yok

Tarih

2023

Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı

Yayıncı

Elsevier Science Inc

Erişim Hakkı

info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess

Özet

Background: Neonatal seizures, one of the main risk factors for the development of epilepsy, remain a clinical concern. In children with neonatal seizures, early recognition of risk factors is important for the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of epilepsy and for improving prognosis. In this study, we aimed to determine the frequency of and the risk factors for the development of epilepsy in patients with neonatal seizures.Methods: The hospital files of 228 children who experienced seizures in the neonatal period were reviewed. The frequency of epilepsy and risk factors for the development of epilepsy were determined at age 36 months.Results: Epilepsy was diagnosed in 40.8% of the cases. Univariate analysis revealed family history of epilepsy, parental consanguinity, abnormal neurological examination findings, microcephaly, unresponsiveness to antiepileptic drugs or antiseizure medication, use of more than one antiepileptic drugs to antiseizure medication at discharge, status epilepticus, electroencephalography abnormalities, abnormal neuroimaging findings, invasive ventilation requirement, myoclonic seizures, central nervous system malformation, and congenital metabolic disease as risk factors for the development of epilepsy. Of these, a family history of epilepsy, abnormal neurological examination findings at discharge, and use of at least two antiepileptic drugs to antiseizure medication at discharge were found as independent risk factors in multivariate analysis.Conclusions: Neonatal seizures appear to be associated with epilepsy in more than one-third of the patients. Of the newborns with seizures, those with a family history of epilepsy, abnormal neurological examination findings at discharge, and those using at least two antiepileptic drugs to antiseizure medication at discharge should be monitored more carefully for the development of epilepsy.(c) 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Açıklama

Anahtar Kelimeler

Neonatal seizures, Epilepsy, Outcome, Newborn, Risk factors

Kaynak

Pediatric Neurology

WoS Q Değeri

N/A

Scopus Q Değeri

Cilt

149

Sayı

Künye