The Role of the Health Literacy Levels of Parents in the Management of Type 1 Diabetes in Children and Adolescents

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Galenos Publ House

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Introduction: Health literacy is defined as the extent to which individuals can find, understand, and utilize information and amenities to inform health-related decisions and actions for themselves and others. Diabetes regulation in children and adolescents is an issue that requires family participation and supervision. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the glycemic outcomes of children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and the health literacy levels of their parents. Materials and Methods: Parents of 103 children aged 2-18 years who were given the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes at least 6 months ago participated in this study. The relationships between the health literacy levels of the participants and their socio-demographic data and the glycemic control results of their children were investigated. Results: In our study, Turkish Health Literacy Scale (TSOY-32) scores differed significantly based on the educational statuses of the parents (p=0.045) and according to the number of hospitalizations due to ketoacidosis (p=0.039). There was a negative and statistically significant relationship between HbA1c and TSOY-32 in the parents of children in the 2-10 age group (rho=-0.275; p=0.046). On the other hand, no statistically significant relationship was identified between HbA1c and TSOY-32 in the group concerning children over 10 years of age (rho=0.098; p=0.497). There was no statistically significant difference between monthly income levels (income less than expenses, income equals expenses, income more than expenses) and HbA1c values and levels (p=0.149). Conclusion: The data collected in this study highlighted the role and importance of parental health literacy levels in the glycemic control-related outcomes of children with type 1 diabetes. The health literacy levels of parents should be evaluated and supported for effective diabetes management.


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Health literacy, type 1 diabetes, glycemic, control, glycated hemoglobin


Guncel Pediatri-Journal Of Current Pediatrics

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