The Effect of Foot Massage on Pain and Anxiety Levels after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial

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Marmara Univ, Inst Health Sciences

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Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effect of foot reflexology massage performed on patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy on pain levels, analgesic use and anxiety levels. Methods: This prospective, experimental and randomized-controlled study was conducted with patients who underwent cholecystectomy. Ninety patients in total were divided into the experiment (n = 30), control (n = 30) and placebo (n = 30) groups. Foot reflexology massage was performed on the patients in the experiment group two times after surgery. Placebo massage was performed on the patients in the placebo group at the same times. Only routine treatment and care were given to the patients in the control group. The patients' pain and anxiety levels and their amounts of analgesic use within 24 hours were monitored. Results: The patients' state anxiety scores decreased significantly from the preoperative to the postoperative measurements, and the degree of decrease did not differ between the groups (p>0.05). The pain scores of the patients decreased after the first and second massage applications in all groups in comparison to their pre-massage scores, and the pain in the experiment group felt after the second massage was lower than that in the patients in the placebo group (p<0.01). It was found that analgesic administration for the patients within 24 hours after the operation did not differ in terms of quantity or time of administration (p>0.05). Conclusion: As a result, it may be stated that using reflexology with pharmacological methods to reduce postoperative pain will increase the effectiveness of pain treatment and the quality of nursing care.


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Pain, anxiety, reflexology, foot massage, cholecystectomy


Clinical And Experimental Health Sciences

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