Combination of dasatinib and okadaic acid induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by targeting protein phosphatase PP2A in chronic myeloid leukemia cells

Küçük Resim Yok



Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı


Humana Press Inc

Erişim Hakkı



Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a cancer type of the white blood cells and because of BCR-ABL translocation it results in increased tyrosine kinase activity. For this purpose, dasatinib is the second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is used for inhibition of BCR-ABL. Effectively and safetly, dasatinib has been used for imatinib-intolerant/resistant CML patients. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is the major serine/threonine phosphatase ensuring cellular homeostasis in cells and is associated with many cancer types including leukemias. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of dasatinib and okadaic acid (OA), either alone or in combination, on apoptosis and cell cycle arrest and dasatinib effect on enzyme activity and protein-level changes of PP2A in K562 cell line. The cytotoxic effects of dasatinib were evaluated by WST-1 analysis. Apoptosis was determined by Annexin V and Apo-Direct assays by flow cytometry. Cell cycle arrest analysis was performed for the investigation of the cytostatic effect. We also used OA as a PP2A inhibitor to assess apoptosis and cell cycle arrest changes in case of reducing the level of PP2A. PP2A enyzme activity and protein levels of PP2A were examined by serine/threonine phosphatase assay and Western blot analysis, respectively. Apoptosis was increased with dasatinib and OA combination. Cell cycle arrest was determined especially after OA treatment. The enzyme activity was decreased depending on time after dasatinib application. PP2A regulatory and catalytic subunit protein levels were decreased compared to control. Targeting the PP2A by dasatinib and OA has potential for CML treatment.


Anahtar Kelimeler

PP2A, Okadaic acid, Dasatinib, Chronic myeloid leukemia


Medical Oncology

WoS Q Değeri


Scopus Q Değeri