Estimation of galactic model parameters and metalicity distribution in intermediate latitudes with SDSS

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Elsevier Science Bv

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We estimated the galactic model parameters for a set of 20 intermediate-latitude fields with galactic longitudes 0 degrees <= 1 <= 100 degrees and 160 degrees <= 1 <= 240 degrees, included in the currently available Data Release 6 (DR6) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), to explore their possible variation with galactic longitude. The local space densities of the thick disc and halo are almost the same for all fields, <(n(2)/n(1))> = 6.52% and <(n(3)/n(1))> = 0.35%, respectively, a result different than the one cited for high latitude fields. The thin disc's scaleheight is 325 pc in the galactic centre and it changes to 369 pc in the third quadrant, which confirms the existence of disc flare, whereas the thick disc scaleheight is as large as 952 pc at galactic longitude I = 20 degrees and 10% lower at I = 160 degrees, which confirms the existence of the disc long bar in the direction I similar or equal to 27 degrees. Finally, the variation of the axis ratio of the halo with galactic longitude is almost flat, <(c/a)> = 0.56, except a slight minimum and a small maximum in the second and third quadrants, respectively, indicating an effect of the long bar which seems plausible for a shallow halo. We estimated the metallicities of unevolved G-type stars and discussed the metallicity gradient for different vertical distances. The metallicity gradient is d[M/H]/dz similar to -0.30 dex kpc(-1) for short distances, confirming the formation of this region of the Galaxy by dissipational collapse. However, its change is steeper in the transition regions of different galactic components. The metallicity gradient: is almost zero for inner halo (5 < z < 10 kpc), indicating a formation of merger or accretion of numerous fragments such as dwarf galaxies. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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Galaxy: disc, Galaxy: structure, Galaxy: fundamental parameters


New Astronomy

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