Arab League and Its Effect on the Middle Eastern and Regional Balance

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Hale Sivgin

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In order to accelerate the fragmentation of the Ottoman Empire, Britain and France followed politics that supported Arab nationalism in the wake of the ideals of reigning in the Arabian geography. The Arabs who came under the mandate of these two states after the First World War changed the goal of nationalist movements and took a stand against their mandate administrations. Egyptian, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Trans-Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Palestinian Arabs participated in the 'Alexandrian Protocol'. The League of Arab States, established on March 22, 1945, is a political structure that continues its activities with 22 members as of today. Detailed in the first part of the relevant article of the Middle East and the region balances, which is examined daily from the process leading to the establishment of the League of Arab States; 1. The Arab-Israeli War, the Baghdad Pact, the Suez Crisis, the establishment of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, the Six-Day War, the Jordanian-Palestinian conflict, the Egyptian-Israeli reconciliation, the Iran-Iraq war, the Gulf War, the function of the League of Arab States is considered. Given the influence of the League of Arab States on the Middle East and its regional balances, the national interests of the League member countries seem to give results that will defeat the idea of joint action and defense. The second part of our production includes the structural analysis of the crises of the League of Arab States. In this context, the effectiveness of the League on the Middle East and regional balances is revealed by addressing the problems that arise from the organizational structure and legal regulation. However, the question of why the League of Arab States could not be a more effective actor on regional balances was sought. The issue of authority is examined under the titles such as the problem of resolving conflicts, the issue of not establishing common grounds and values, the issue of defense and security, the failure of decisions to be violated and sanctions, the problem of conflict with the League's own decisions and the problems experienced in the Arab League summit.


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Arab, League, Alexandria Protocol, Union, Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)


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