Multicentre Survey on Relations of Night Eating Syndrome and Oral Health Status Among Turkish Dental School Students

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Objective: Night eating syndrome (NES) is a common eating disorder in which the circadian timing of food intake disturbs. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of NES among dental school students and evaluate its association with body mass index (BMI), smoking status, alcohol consumption, and oral health status. Material and Methods: Night eating questionnaire consisting of 14 questions was conducted on dental school students at 3 universities and a total of 30 points and higher was determined as a cutpoint for NES diagnosis. Demographic status, medical status, BMI, smoking/alcohol consumption, carious/filled teeth, and interval of brushing are recorded. Results: Twelve (3.5%) of the study group among 346 attendants revealed NES diagnosis. Students with NES showed significantly higher average body weight values (p<0.05) on the other hand average BMI values did not differ among groups with and without NES (p>0.05). Smoking rates (91.7%) and alcohol consumption (83.3%) were significantly higher in students with NES (p<0.05). Number of carious teeth were found higher, oral health status, tooth brushing habit was found poorer in NES diagnosed subjects (p<0.05). Conclusion: This present study concluded that NES diagnosis was relatively low in dental students. NES could be a risk factor for impaired oral hygiene, especially in dental students with smoking habits and alcohol consumption. Oral hygiene knowledge and attitudes contribute to decreasing night eating habits in dental students.


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Türkiye Klinikleri Diş Hekimliği Bilimleri Dergisi

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