Evaluation of the possible involvement of Ad-36-induced adipogenesis and coronary artery disease development in mediastinal adipose tissue samples

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EDIMES Edizioni Medico Scientifiche

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Mediastinal fat has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases such as carotid stiffness, atherosclerosis and coronary artery calcification. We investigated the possible role of Ad-36-induced obesity in the pathogenesis of the coronary artery disease (CAD). Ad-36 DNA was investigated in the anterior mediastinal fat tissue samples of obese adults with CAD. Seventy-five obese adults with left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, 28 non-obese adults with valvular heart diseases, and 48 healthy individuals without cardiovascular problems were included as the obese patient group (OPG), non-obese patient group (NOG) and healthy control group (HCG), respectively. We also simultaneously investigated Ad-36 antibodies by serum neutralization test (SNA), and measured leptin and adinopectin levels. Ad-36 antibodies were detected only in 10 patients (13.3%) within the 75 OPG. A statistically significant difference was detected between OPG, NOG and HCG in terms of Ad-36 antibody positivity (p<0.05). Ad-36 DNA was not detected in mediastinal tissue samples of OPG and NOP without PCR inhibitors. We suggest that Ad-36 may not have an affinity for mediastinal adipose tissue in obese patients with left main CAD and valvular heart diseases. Ad-36 antibody positivity results are not sufficient to reach a causal relationship. © 2019, EDIMES Edizioni Medico Scientifiche. All rights reserved.


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Adenovirus-36, Left main coronary artery disease, Mediastinal fat, Obesity


Infezioni in Medicina

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