Investigation of production of spare parts in agricultural industry in industry 4.0 through an example system edit

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The search for maximum efficiency which was formed as a result of the digital transformation, which was founded in the 1970s, brought Industry 4.0, which means the change of production strategies and business models, in 2011. In this new age which predicts the use of smart factories using unmanned cutting-edge smart robots; it is claimed that resource efficiency will increase, costs will decrease, the speed of product launching will improve and energy savings will be achieved thanks to dark production. It is a fact that the competition in the market will increase with this new age in the world. Turkey's success in holding on to this global market seems to depend on adaptation to newly created technologies, hosting and support processes. Especially the adaptation of SMEs, which constitute a large share of entrepreneurship activities, to this process is important. For this reason, in this study, by examining the production flow of "Kan Metal", which makes small scale production; it has been adapted to Industry 4.0 setup. Thus, by comparing the current system with the predicted one; advantages and disadvantages are identified and changes in the transformation process are revealed.During the examination of the production system, firstly, an information questionnaire was sent to the company, a visit was made to the company, information was exchanged with the company official with the semi-structured interview technique in the light of the information obtained from the questionnaires, and the production line was examined and photographed with the observation method. The current system was analyzed in the light of these data and adapted to the industry 4.0 system with the literature review method and a fictional model was designed.As a result, industry 4.0 means many advantages for the market, such as increased productivity, reduced costs, ease of use of resources and space, tracking the production flow from order to supply, and creating sensitive products. However, the high costs and unqualified personnel of the establishment of new technologies constitute the biggest disadvantages for SMEs. Transition to the new system seems possible only if these companies are supported in terms of infrastructure, education and capital.


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Manas Journal of Engineering

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