Has Intra-Industry Trade Changed After Protectionism?: The Case of US Automotive Industry

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Yaşar Üniversitesi

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The automotive industry is one of the most important engines of economic development thanks to its contribution to employment, high value added creation capacity, production size, high share in global trade and attracting international investments. Therefore, changes in the industry affect the entire economy. After the election of Donald Trump in the United States, restrictions were put on international trade in various ways and protectionism came to the fore. In the study, it is aimed to analyze the intra-industry trade and competitiveness of the automotive industry products between the years of 2007-2017. In the analyzes, the products and countries where the US has the most intense intra-industry trade in the automotive industry have been examined and the change before and after the protectionist policies have been compared. Intra-industry trade has been calculated using the Grubel-Lloyd index. In the analyzes, Harmonized System 6-digit trade data from the World Bank supported WITS software have been used. The results suggest that the share of intra-industry trade decreases as protectionism increases as expected.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Intra-Industry Trade, Protectionism, Automotive Industry, Economic Development


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Journal of Yasar University, 2019, 14 (Special Issue), 82-99