Implementation of the “Responsibility to Protect” Doctrine in Libyan and Syrian Civil Wars

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Beykent Üniversitesi

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The objective of this paper is to analyze the implementation of the doctrine of Responsibility to Protect in Libyan and Syrian civil wars and test to what extent this international norm is binding for the practices of states. In this context, firstly features of the Responsibility to Protect as an international norm will be explained. This norm aims to protect “human security” in the changing international arena and it assumes that when the state is unable or reluctant to protect its people, the responsibility belongs to the international community. Regarding Libyan civil war in 2011, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 addressed to Responsibility to Protect doctrine and authorized member states to “take all necessary measures” to protect civilians from attacks of the Qaddafi’s government. However, same United Nations Security Council could not take any concrete step to intervene into Syria in where hundreds of thousands of people have been massacred since 2011. In this sense, this paper demonstrates that Responsibility to Protect doctrine cannot be implemented automatically when United Nations Security Council members do not give their consent which means that international norms do not have independent agency apart from states that constitute them.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Humanitarian Intervention, Responsibility to Protect, United Nations Security Council, Libyan Civil War, Syrian Civil War


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Beykent Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi 1/2 (2015), 193-214