Neonatal Outcomes of Critical Congenital Heart Defects: A Multicenter Epidemiological Study of Turkish Neonatal Society: Neonatal Outcomes of CCHD

Küçük Resim Yok

Tarih

2023

Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı

Yayıncı

Springer

Erişim Hakkı

info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess

Özet

Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) is one of the leading causes of neonatal and infant mortality. We aimed to elucidate the epidemiology, spectrum, and outcome of neonatal CCHD in Turkiye. This was a multicenter epidemiological study of neonates with CCHD conducted from October 2021 to November 2022 at national tertiary health centers. Data from 488 neonatal CCHD patients from nine centers were entered into the Trials-Network online registry system during the study period. Transposition of great arteria was the most common neonatal CHD, accounting for 19.5% of all cases. Sixty-three (12.9%) patients had extra-cardiac congenital anomalies. A total of 325 patients underwent cardiac surgery. Aortic arch repair (29.5%), arterial switch (25.5%), and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (13.2%). Overall, in-hospital mortality was 20.1% with postoperative mortality of 19.6%. Multivariate analysis showed that the need of prostaglandin E1 before intervention, higher VIS (> 17.5), the presence of major postoperative complications, and the need for early postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation were the main risk factors for mortality. The mortality rate of CCHD in our country remains high, although it varies by health center. Further research needs to be conducted to determine long-term outcomes for this vulnerable population.

Açıklama

Anahtar Kelimeler

Newborn, Critical congenital heart defects, Epidemiology, Mortality, Outcome

Kaynak

Pediatric Cardiology

WoS Q Değeri

N/A

Scopus Q Değeri

Q2

Cilt

Sayı

Künye