Association of Preoperative Risk Factors and Mortality in Older Patients following Emergency Abdominal Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study

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The Korean Geriatrics Society

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Background: Older patients undergoing emergency laparotomy have high morbidity and mortality rates. Preoperative risk assessment with good predictors is an appropriate measure in this population. Frailty status is significantly associated with postoperative outcomes in older adults. This study aimed to investigate the effect of preoperative risk factors and frailty on short-term outcomes following emergency surgery for acute abdomen in older patients. Methods: This study included older patients (?65 years of age) who underwent emergency abdominal surgery. We retrospectively analyzed their demographic and clinical variables and used the modified Frailty Index-11 to evaluate their frailty status. The primary outcome was the 30-day mortality rate. We also analyzed risk factors of mortality in these patients. Results: The study included 150 patients with a median age of 74 years. The mortality rate was 17.3% (n = 26). We observed significantly higher mortality rates in patients who were obese and who had higher American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA grades) (p < 0.05). The mortality rate was significantly higher in pre-frail and frail patients (p < 0.001). Septic shock was associated with the development of mortality (p < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that ASA grade was the only independent risk factor for mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 19.642, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.886-99.274, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Older patients with obesity and frailty presenting with higher ASA grades and septic shock had the worst survival following emergency abdominal surgery. The ASA grade was an independent risk factor for mortality.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Acute abdomen surgery, Frailty, Mortality rate, Older adults


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Annals of Geriatric Medicine and Research 2021;21.0104.